Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is caused by medical problems that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy. If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. This disease can happen quickly or slowly. CKD may cause high blood pressure, anemia, weak bones, poor nutrition, nerve damage and increased risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. Twenty-six million American adults have CKD.
The two main causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. These two medical conditions account for over two thirds of all cases. Other common causes include Glomerulonephritis; inherited diseases such as polycystic kidney disease, Lupus and other diseases that affect the body's immune system; as well as obstructions like kidney stones, tumors, or an enlarged prostate gland in men.
High Risk Groups
High-risk groups include people with diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) and family history of kidney disease. African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and senior citizens are at increased risk. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Three simple tests can detect CKD: blood pressure, urine albumin and serum creatinine.
Many people with CKD may not have any symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced; however, some common symptoms are:
- feeling more tired and having less energy
- trouble concentrating
- poor appetite
- trouble sleeping
- muscle cramping at night
- swollen feet and ankles
- puffiness around your eyes
- dry, itchy skin
- need to urinate more often, especially at night
Patients at risk for CKD benefit from Trinitas' THRIVE program, which provides early intervention and support to people with hypertension and diabetes.
Chronic Kidney Disease Frequently Asked Questions